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INDEPENDENT ENVIRONMENTAL CONSULTANCY

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List of HVDC Interconnectors or projects with marine infrastructure

Project
Location
Landfall
Location
Converter
Stations
Year of
installation
Body of
water
Subsea
length
(km)
Rating
(MW)
Voltage
(kV DC)
Electrode
Current
(A DC)
Grounding
Electrodes
Electrode
Material
Polar type /
Operation
Europe:
Skagerrak 1&2
(SK1 &2)
Norway-Denmark
Kristiansand (NO) to
Tjele (DK)
Kristiansand (NO) to
Tjele (DK)
1976,
1977
Skagerrak
124
500
250
250
One marine
One land electrode
Graphite /
coke
2 cables - Bipole
later converted
to monopole
Skagerrak 3
(SK3)
Norway-Denmark
Kristiansand (NO) to
Tjele (DK)
Kristiansand (NO) to
Tjele (DK)
1993
Skagerrak
124
440
350
1000
One marine
One land electrode
(occasional use)
Graphite /
coke
1 cable /
Monopole
Skagerrak 4
(SK4)
Norway-Denmark
Kristiansand (NO) to
Tjele (DK)
Kristiansand (NO) to
Tjele (DK)
2015
Skagerrak
137
700
500
-
None
-
1 cable
operation with SK3
in bipolar mode
Gotland 1
Sweden
Vikby to
Västervik (mainland)
Vikby to
Västervik (mainland)
1970 to
Dismantled 1986
Western
Gotland Sea
96
30
150
914
Two marine
electrodes
Magnetite
1 cable /
Monopole (decomm.)
Gotland 2 and 3.
Sweden
Stomo Isthmus (mainland) to
Ygne (Gotland)
Västervik (mainland) to
Ygne (Gotland)
1983,
1987
Western
Gotland Sea
96
260
150
-
None
-
2 cables /
Bipole
Konti-Skan 1
Sweden-
Denmark
Lindome (SE) to
Vestor Hassing (DK)
Lindome (SE) to
Vestor Hassing (DK)
1965 to
(Replaced 2006)
Kattegatt
Strait
87
250
250
1050
Two marine
electrodes
Graphite /
coke
1 cable /
Monopole
Konti-Skan 1 &2
Sweden-
Denmark
Lindome (SE) to
Vestor Hassing (DK)
Lindome (SE) to
Vestor Hassing (DK)
1988
KS-1 upgraded
in 2006
Kattegatt
Strait
88
380 (KS-1)
300 (KS-2)
±285
1050
Two marine
electrodes
Graphite /
coke
2 cables /
Bipolar mode
Baltic Cable
Sweden-Germany
Trelleborg (SE) to
Lübeck (DE)
Kruseberg (SE) to
Herrenwyk (DE)
1994
Baltic
Sea
250
600
450
1364
Two marine
electrodes
Coated titanium,
copper
1 cable /
Monopole
Fennoskan 1
Sweden-Finland
Dannebo (SE) to
Rauma (FI)
Dannebo (SE) to
Rauma (FI)
1989
Gulf of
Bothnia
200
500
400
1280
Two marine
electrodes
Coated titanium,
copper
1 cable /
Monopole
Fennoskan 2
Sweden-Finland
Dannebo (SE) to
Rauma (FI)
Dannebo (SE) to
Rauma (FI)
2011
Gulf of
Bothnia
200
800
500
1700
Two marine
electrodes
Coated titanium
wire mesh
2 cables /
Monopole
Fennoskan 1 Replacement
Sweden-Finland
Hjalta (SE) to
Tuovila (FI)
Hjalta (SE) to
Tuovila (FI)
2011
Gulf of
Bothnia
200
800
400
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipole
Kontek
Denmark-Germany
Bjaeverskov (DK) to
Bentwisch (DE)
Bjaeverskov (DK) to
Bentwisch (DE)
1995
Baltic
Sea
52
600
400
1500
Two marine
electrodes
Coated titanium,
copper
1 cable /
Monopole
Storebaelt HVDC Link
Denmark
Herslev (Zealand) to
Fraugde (Funen)
Herslev (Zealand) to
Fraugde (Funen)
2007
Baltic
Sea
56
600
400
-
None?
-
2 cables and
1 metallic return cable
Monopole
Swepol
Sweden-Poland
Stärno (SE) to
Slupsk (PL)
Stärno (SE) to
Slupsk (PL)
2000
Baltic
Sea
239
600
450
-
None
-
1 cable and
1 metal return cable
Monopole
Estlink 1
Finland-Estonia
Helsinki (FI) to
Tallinn (EE)
Espoo (FI) to
Harku (EE)
2006
Gulf of
Finland
74
350
±150
-
None
-
2 cables
HVDC Light
Bipole
*Estlink 2
Finland-Estonia
Tavastfjärden (FI) to
Kakumäe beach(EE)
Antilla (FI) to
Püssi (EE)
2019
Gulf of
Finland
145
650
±450
-
None
-
1 cable
1 metallic return
Monopole
Valhall
Norway
TValhall platform to
Lista
(mainland)
TValhall platform to
Lista
(mainland)
2011
North
Sea
292
78
150
-
None
-
2 cables
HVDC Light
Bipolar mode
Troll A 1 & 2
Norway
Kollsnes (mainland) to
Troll A platform
Kollsnes (mainland) to
Troll A platform
2005
Bunesosen (Fjord)
North Sea
68
88
±60
-
None
-
2 cables
HVDC Light
Bipole
Troll A 3 & 4
Norway
Bunesosen (Fjord) to
Troll A platform
Kollsnes (mainland) to
Troll A platform
2016
North
Sea
68
100
±60
-
None
-
2 cables
HVDC Light
Bipole
DolWin 1
Germany
DolWin Alpha platform to
Hilgenriedersiel
DolWin Alpha platform to
Dörpen West
(mainland)
2013
German
Bight
75
800
±320
-
None
-
2 cables
HVDC Light
Bipolar mode
DolWin 2
Germany
DolWin Beta to
Hilgenriedersiel
DolWin Beta to
Dörpen West
(mainland)
2016
German
Bight
45
916
±320
-
None
-
2 cables
HVDC Light
Bipolar mode
DolWin 3
Germany
DolWin Gamma Platform to
Manslagt
DolWin Gamma Platform to
Dörpen West
(mainland)
2019
German
Bight
80
900
±320
-
None
-
2 cables
HVDC Light
Bipolar mode
*DolWin 6
Germany
DolWin Kappa platform to
Hilgenriedersiel
DolWin Kappa platform to
Emden/Ost
2023
German
Bight
45
900
±320
-
None
-
2 cables
HVDC Light
Bipolar
BorWin 1
Germany
BorWin Alpha platform to
Hilgenriedersiel
BorWin Alpha to
Diele
2010
German
Bight
125
400
±150
-
None
-
2 cables
HVDC Light
Bipolar mode
BorWin 2
Germany
BorWin Beta platform to
Hilgenriedersiel
Borwin Beta platform to
Diele
2015
German
Bight
125
800
±300
-
None
-
HVDC VSC
Symmetrical monopole
*BorWin 3
Germany
BorWin Gamma platform to
Manslagt
BorWin Gamma platform to
Emden/East (mainland)
2019
German
Bight
130
900
±320
-
None
-
HVDC with
VSC converters mode
Helwin 1
Germany
HelWin Alpha platform to
Büsum
HelWin Alpha platform to
Büttel
2015
German
Bight
85
575
±250
-
None
-
HVDC Plus
Symmetrical monopole
Helwin 2
Germany
HelWin Beta platform -
Büsum
HelWin Beta platform -
Büttel
2015
German
Bight
85
690
320
-
None
-
HVDC Plus
Symmetrical monopole
SylWin 1
Germany
SylWin Alpha platform to
Büsum
SylWin Alpha platform to
Büttel
2015
German
Bight
160
864
320
-
None
-
HVDC Plus
Symmetrical monopole
SACOI 1
Italy-France-Italy
Sardinia (IT) to
Corsica (FR) to,
Italian mainland
Codrongianos (IT) to
Lucciana (FR) to
Suvereto (IT)
1967,
1986,
1992
Tyrrhenian
Sea
105+16
300
±200
1000
Two marine
One land electrode
Copper,
Titanium,
FeSiCr
2 cables /
Monopole
*SACOI 3
Italy-France
Rena Bianca Beach (Sardinia) to
Sciumara Cove Beach (Corsica)
Codrongianos (Sardinia)
Lucciana (Corsica)
2023
Strait of
Bonifacio
16
400
±200
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipole
*SACOI 3
France-Italy
Volpaio beach (Corsica) to
Salivoli beach, mainland (IT)
Lucciana (Corsica)
Suvereto (mainland (IT)
2023
Tyrrhenian
Sea
106
400
±200
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipole
SAPEI
Italy
Santo River mouth(Sardinia) -
Nettuno (mainland)
Fiume Santo (Sardinia) to
Latina (mainland)
2011
Tyrrhenian
Sea
420
1000
±500
-
1 shoreline anod (2008)e
1 sea cathode (2008)
Copper cathode (2008)
2 cables
Pole 1 (2008) monopole
Pole 2 (2010) bipole
*Italy-Algeria
HVDC Link
Cagliari Sud (IT) to
El Hadjar (TN)
Cagliari Sud (IT) to
El Hadjar (TN)
2020
Mediterranean
Sea
330
1000
±500
-
Two marine
electrodes?
Titanium
copper?
1 cable
Monopole
*Italy-Tunisia
HVDC Link

Phase I
Partanna (IT) to
El Hawaria (TN)
Partanna (IT) to
El Hawaria (TN)
2016
Mediterranean
Sea
190
400
+400
-
Two marine
electrodes
Titanium
copper?
1 cable
Monopole
*Italy-Tunisia
HVDC Link

Phase II
Partanna (IT) to
El Hawaria (TN)
Partanna (IT) to
El Hawaria (TN)
2018
Mediterranean
Sea
190
1000
380
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipolar mode
*Italy-Libya
HVDC Link
Chiaramont Gulfi (IT) to
Mellitah (LY)
Chiaramont Gulfi (IT) to
Mellitah (LY)
2017
Mediterranean
Sea
530
1000
±500
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipolar mode
*Italy-Malta
HVDC Link
Ragusa (IT) to
Maghtab (MT)
Ragusa (IT) to
Maghtab (MT)
2013
Mediterranean
Sea
100
200
220
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipolar mode
*Italy-Albania
HVDC Link
Brindisi (IT) to
Babica (AL)
Brindisi (IT) to
Babica (AL)
2014
Adriatic
Sea
147
500
400
-
Two marine
electrodes?
-
1 cable /
Monopole
*Italy-Croatia
HVDC Link
Candia (IT) to
Konjsko/Tivat (HR)
Candia (IT) to
Konjsko/Tivat (HR)
2017
Adriatic
Sea
198
800
380
-
Two marine
electrodes?
-
1 cable /
Monopole
*Italy-Slovenia
HVDC Link
xxx to
xxx
xxx to
xxx
20??
Adriatic
Sea
xxx
1000
300/500
-
None
-
2 cable/
VSC/LCC Bipole
Greece-Itali (GRITA)
HVDC Link
Arachthos (GR)to
Galatina (IT)
Arachthos (GR) to
Galatina (IT)
2001
Adriatic
Sea
163
500
400
1250
Two marine
electrodes
Titanium,
copper
1 cable /
Monopole
MONITA Link
Montenegro-Italy
Budva (ME) to
Pescara (IT)
Kotor (ME) to
Villanova (ME)
2017
Adriatic
Sea
393
1000
±500
-
None
-
2 cables
LCC Bipole
*Spain-Algeria
HVDC Link
Tarray Cove (ES) to
Terga Coast (DZ)
Carril 2 (ES) to
Ain Fateh (DZ)
2020
Mediterranean
Sea
240
1000
±400
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipolar mode
NEMO Link
UK - Belgium
Pegwell Bay (GB) to
Zeebrugge West Beach(BE)
Richborough (GB) to
Herdersbrug (BE)
2019
English
Channel
130
1000
400
-
None
-
2 cables HVDC Plus
Symmetrical monopole
Cross Channel
UK - France
xxxx (UK) to
xxx (FR)
xxxx (UK) to
xxx (FR)
1986
English
Channel
86
250
270
-
None
-
8 cables /
Bipolar mode
*IFA 2 Link
France - UK
Merville-Franceville beach (FR) to
Monks Hill beach (GB)
La Hague (FR) to
Solent Airfield (GB)
2020
English
Channel
200
1000
±320
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipolar
*FABLink
UK - France
Budleigh Salterton (GB) to
Siouville-Hague (FR)
Long Lane (GB) to
Menuel (FR)
2022
English
Channel
171
1400
320
-
None
-
2 cables
Symmetric monopole
East-West Interconnector
United Kingdom-Ireland
Shotton (GB) to
Woodland (IRL)
Shotton (GB) to
Woodland (IRL)
2012
Irish
Sea
186
500
±200
-
None
-
2 cables /
HVDC Light
Bipole
Western HVDC Link
United Kingdom
Ardneil Bay (SCO) to
Leasowe (ENG)
Hunterston (SCO) to
Flintshire Bridge (CYM)
2017
Firth of Clyde
North Channel
Irish Sea
385
2200
±600
-
None
-
2 MI cables
Bipole
Caithness-Moray Link
United Kingdom
Noss Head (Wick) to
Tannachy (Portgordon)
Spittal (Caithness) to
Blackhillock (Keith)
2019
Moray Firth
113
1200
±320
-
None
-
2 HVDC Light cables
Bipole
*Eastern HVDC Link
United Kingdom
Sandford Bay (SCO) to
Seaham Grange coast (ENG)
Torness (SCO) to
Hawthorn Pit (ENG)
2028
North
Sea
155
2000
±500
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipolar mode
*NorthConnect
UK-Norway
Longhaven Bay (GB-SCO) to
Simadalen (NO)
Fourfields (GB-SCO) to
Simadalen (NO)
2022
North
Sea
648
1400
±525
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipole
NorNed Link
Norway-Netherlands
Feda (NO) to
Eemshaven (NL)
Feda (NO) to
Eemshaven (NL)
2008
North
Sea
580
700
±450
-
None
-
2 cables
Symmetric Monopole
COMETA
Spain
Santa Ponsa (Mallorca) to
Morvedre (mainland)
Santa Ponsa (Mallorca) to
Morvedre (mainland)
2011
Balearic
Sea
240
400
250
-
None
-
2 cables
1 metallic return
Bipole
Spain-Morocco
Spain-Morocco
xx(ES) to
xxx (MA)
xxx (ES) to
xxx (MA)
20??
Mediterranean
Sea
27
2000
±420
-
None
-
7 cables
Bipole
RÓMULO
Spain
Sagunto (Valencia) to
Santa Ponsa (Mallorca)
Morvedre (Valencia) to
Calviá (Mallorca)
2012
Balearic
Sea
237
400
250
-
None
-
2 cables
1 metallic return
Bipole
*NorBalt Link
Sweden to
Lithuania
Nybro (SE) to
Klaipeda (LT)
Nybro (SE) to
Klaipeda (LT)
2015
Baltic
Sea
400
700
±300
-
None
-
2 cables /
HVDC Light
Bipolar mode
*NeuConnect
UK to
Germany
Isle of Grain (UK) to
Fedderwarden (D)
Greystones (UK) to
Conneforde (D)
2023
North
Sea
700
1400
±500
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipolar mode
*Shetland HVDC Link
UK
Weisdale Voe to
Port Gordon
(mainland)
Weisdale Voe to
Port Gordon
(mainland)
2015
North
Sea
320
600
±300
-
None
-
1-2 cables
HVDC Light or VSC
Bipolar mode
*Åland HVDC Link
Finland
Ytterby (Åland) to
Nådendal
(mainland)
Ytterby (Åland) to
Nådendal
(mainland)
2015
xxx
xxx
158
100
±80
-
None
-
2 cables /
HVDC Light
Bipolar mode
*NSN Interconnector
UK-Norway
Cambois Beach Slipway (GB) to
Hylsfjorden (NO)
East Sleekburn (Blyth) (GB) to
Kvilldal (NO)
2021
North
Sea
720
1400
525
-
None
-
2 HVDC Light cables
Bipole
BritNed Link
UK-Netherlands
Grain Beach (GB) to
Maasvlaktestrand (NL)
Isle of Grain (GB) to
Maasvlakte (NL)
2011
North
Sea
250
1000
±450
-
None
-
2 cables/bundled
Bipole
*Viking Link
UK-Denmark
Sandilands (GB) to
Houstrap Strand (DK)
North Ing Drove (GB)to
Revsing (DK)
2023
North
Sea
635
1400
400
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipole
*NorGer Link
Norway-Germany
Flekkefjord (NO) to
Wilhelmshaven (DE)
Tonstad (NO) to
Mooriem (DE)
2018
North
Sea
570
1400
500
-
None
-
2 cables and
1 metal return cable
Bipolar mode
*NORD.Link
Norway-Germany
Vollesfjord (NO) to
Diele or
Büsum (DE)
Tonstad (NO) to
Wilster (DE)
2020
North
Sea
516
1400
±525
-
None
-
2 MI cables
VSC-HVDC
Bipole
*North Sea Link (NSL)
Norway-UK
Hylsfjorden (NO) to
Cambois Beach Slipway (GB)
Kvilldal (NO) to
East Sleekburn (Blyth) (GB)
2021
North
Sea
720
1400
500
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipolar mode
*HVDC Norway-UK
Norway-UK
Hylen (NO) to
Blyth (GB)
Hylen (NO) to
Blyth (GB)
2018
North
Sea
711
1400
500
-
None
-
2 cables and
1 metal return cable
Bipolar mode
*Channel Link
UK-France
TBD (GB) to
TBD (FR)
Ninfield (GB) to
Paluel (FR)
20xx
English
Channel
130
1400
400
-
None
-
2 cables and
Bipolar mode
*ElecLink
UK-France
Copt Point (Folkestone) (GB) to
Sangatte beach (FR)
Sellindge (GB) to
Peuplingues (FR)
2020
Channel
Tunnel
37
1000
±320
-
None
-
2 cables
Bipolar
Symmetric monopolar
*COBRAcable Link
Netherlands-Denmark
Eemshaven (NL) to
Fanø (DK)
Eemshaven (NL) to
Endrup (DK)
2020
German
Bight
307
700
320
-
None
-
2 cables?
Bipolar
Moyle Interconnector
United Kingdom
Currarie Port (SCO) to
Port Muck (NI)
Auchencrosh (SCO) to
Ballycronan More (NI)
2001, 2016
North
Channel
55
500
±250
-
None
-
2 cables
Integrated return conductors(2001)
2 extra return cables (2016)
Monopole
North America:
Cross Sound Cable
USA
Newhaven (CT) to
Shoreham, Long Is. (NY)
Halvarsson (CT) to
Tomson (NY)
2003
Long Island
Sound
40
330
±150
-
None
-
2 bundled cables
HVDC Light
Bipole
Vancouver 1, 2
Canada
Vancouver to
Vancouver Is.
Vancouver to
Vancouver Is.
1968,
1977
xxx
xxx
33
682
±380
1800
1 marine and
1 land electrode
Graphite,
Mild steel/coke
2 cables
Bipolar mode
Labrador-Island Transmission Link (LIL)
Canada
Forteau Point (LB) to
Shoal Cove (NF)
Muskrat Falls (LB) to
Soldiers Pond (NF)
2019
Strait of
Belle Isle
35
900?
±350
-
None
-
3 cables?
Bipole
Maritime Transmission Link
Canada
Cape Ray (NF) to
Battleman's Beach - Point Aconi (NS)
Bottom Brook (NF) to
Woodbine (NS)
2017
Cabot
Strait
170
500
±200
-
None
-
2 cables
Asymmetric bipole
Trans Bay HVDC Link
USA
Pittsburg (CA) to
Potrero (CA)
Pittsburg (CA) to
Potrero (CA)
2010
xxx
xxx
83
400
±200
-
None
-
2 cables
HVDC Plus
Bipolar mode
Neptune Interconnector
USA
Raritan River (NJ) to
Jones Beach Is. (NY)
Sayreville (NJ) to
Duffy Avenue(NY)
2007
Raritan Bay/
New York Bight
82
660
500
-
None
-
1 cable and
1 metallic return
HVDC Plus
Monopole
Asia:
Leyte-Luzon
Calarayan (Samar Is.) to
Suki Beach (Luzon)
Ormoc (Leyte) to
Naga (Luzon)
1997
San Bernardino
Strait
21
440
350
1260
Two beach electrodes
Silicon,
iron/coke
1 cable,
1 spare
Bipolar mode
Jeju Island 1
Namcheonri Beach (mainland)
Jeju Power Station
Haenam
Jeju
1998
Jeju
Strait
96
300
±180
-
Two marine
electrodes
Graphite
2 cables /
Bipolar mode
Jeju Island 2
South Korea
Jindo (mainland)
Jeju Island
Jindo
SeoJeju
2014
Jeju
Strait
101
400
±250
-
None
-
3 MI cables
1 XPLE
1 metallic return
Bipole
Hokkaido-Honshu 1
Japan
Furukawa (HOKK) to to
Tsubanazaki Cove (HONS)
Hakodate (HOKK)to
Kamikita (HONS)
1993
Tsugaru
Strait
43
600
±250
2000
Two land electrodes
?
3 cables
Bipole
Hokkaido-Honshu 2
Japan
Yoshioka(HOK) to
Cape Tappi (HON)
Hokutu (HOK) to
Imabetsu (HON)
20??
Tsugaru
Strait
24
(Seikan Tunnel)
300
±250
-
None
-
1 DC XLPE cable
Asymmetrical monopole
Kii-channel crossing
Demi (Shikoku) to
Kobiki (Honshu)
Anan (Shikoku) to
Kihoku (Honshu)
2000
Kii
Strait
49
2800
±500
-
None
-
2 main cables
2 return cables
Bipolar mode
*Leyte Mindanao
Philippines
Ormoc to
Kirahon
Ormoc to
Kirahon
2003
xxx
xxx
31
500
±350
?
1 marine and
1 beach electrode
Graphite coke
copper
2 cables /
Monopole?
*Dubai-Iran
HVDC Link

UAE-Iran
Jebel Ali (AE) to
? (IR)
Jebel Ali (AE) to
? (IR)
2018
Persion Gulf
(Arabian Gulf)
800
1550
500
-
?
-
2 cables /
Bipole??
*India-Sri Lanka
HVDC Link

India-Sri Lanka
Panaikulam (IN) to
Thirukketiswaram (LK)
Madurai (IN) to
New Anuradhapura (LK)
2022
Palk
Strait
130
1000
400
-
?
-
2 cables
Bipole
*Sumatra-Java
HVDC Link

Indonesia
Ketapang (SUM) to
Banten (JAV)
Muara Enim (SUM) to
XBogor (JAV)
2024
Sunda
Strait
35
3000
±500
-
None
-
2 cables
LCC Bipole
Australasia:
Basslink
Australia
McGaurans Beach (VIC) to
Four Mile Bluff (TAS)
LoyYang (VIC) to
Georgetown (TAS)
2006
Bass
Strait
290
600
400
-
None
-
One cable /
1 metal return
Monopole
*Marinus Link
Australia
Waratah Bay (VIC) to
TBD (between Somerset and Leith) (TAS)
Hazelwood (VIC) to
TBD (Hampshire or Palmerston) (TAS)
2025
Bass
Strait
252
600 or
1200
400 or
460
-
None
-
2 cables + 2 converters
(Symmetrical monopole) or
2 cables +1 metallic return +4 converters
(Bipole)
Inter Island 1
New Zealand
Haywards to
Benmore
Haywards to
Benmore
1965-1991
Cook
Strait
42
600
±250
1200
One marine.
One land electrode
Mild steel/coke,
Silicon
iron/coke
2 (+1) cables /
Bipolar mode
Inter Island 2
New Zealand
Haywards to
Benmore
Haywards to
Benmore
1993
(upgrade)
Cook
Strait
42
1240
+350
-350
2400
One marine.
One land electrode
Mild steel/coke,
Silicon
iron/coke
Hybrid scheme /
Bipolar mode
Inter Island 3
New Zealand
Haywards to
Benmore
Haywards to
Benmore
2013
(upgrade)
Cook
Strait
42
xxx
+xxx
-
None
-
Bipole

 * Proposed HVDC project with a subsea HVDC interconnector.

Abbreviations: TBD denotes To Be Determined; HVDC is High Voltage Direct Current; MI = Mass Impregnated; CSC is Current Source Converter; VSC is Voltage Source Converter: LCC is Line-commutated Converter.

 

© 2019 EnviroGulf Consulting
Table may be copied for educational and non-profit purposes and quoted as EGC. 2019. List of HVDC projects with marine infrastructure. A WWW publication at https://www.envirogulf.com/hvdc.html. EnviroGulf Consulting, Brisbane, Australia.

This webpage was last updated on 11 April 2019. Note: this webpage is currently being updated in April-May 2019.

For amendments or additions to the above table, please contact EnviroGulf Consulting.

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